Jean Constant

Hermay NM
Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA
I have an on-going interest in exploring the connection between Mathematics and the natural world. Both are inspiring in many ways and often bring unexpected, surprising, always rewarding associations.
60 x 60 x 2 cm
Mixed media
This is an unusual iteration of a Klein bottle, a 4-dimensional knot existing only in the imagination of mathematicians, The closed non-orientable surface with no inside or outside was discovered accidentally by mathematician Felix Klein two centuries ago. It strangely relates to traditional Indonesian rattan headdresses found in Papua New Guinea. Mathematics is rooted in an on-going discovery of a natural order that humans have translated instinctively since the dawn of humanity as well-known ethno-mathematician Paul Gerdes used to tell us.
Estrelas da Felicidade
60 x 60 x 2 cm
Mixed media
Most everyone knows Spikey. As Stefen Wolfram told us it originated in a rhombic hexecontahedron (now five intersecting tetrahedra). Years later he found out that the flower of a cactus named Mandacaru (The Happiness star) also has a 60 faces rhombic hexecontahedron shape.
This image is part of a 52 illustrations project on the Geometry of Flowers soon to be published. I laid a real Mandacaru flower on a modified blueprint of a rhombic hexecontahedron.
I am indebted to Cicerolajes for providing me with several real-time pictures of a Mandakaru, Robert Webb for his outline of a rhombic polyhedron, and of course, Stephen Wolfram, for inspiring this work and highlighting the close visual connection between Mathematics, Nature, and art.