# Michael Field

I originally became interested in the problem of visualizing planar
symmetric

attractors back in 1988 - that project eventually contributed to the
book 'Symmetry in Chaos'

that I wrote with Martin Golubitsky and which was published in 1992 (a
second edition in 2009).

Over the years I developed, partly as a counterpoint to my mathematics
research, the software and

coloring algorithms needed to produce images of 'two-color' symmetric
attractors.

Here my aim was to produce images that, to me at least, were more
interesting artistically - a matter

of using mathematics as a tool in artistic creation. More recently, I
have been able to adapt some of the

programs I have written to produce tools for the visualization of
rather complex dynamics. This is very

much a work-in-progress. The two images shown are both based on
various

types of hybrid dynamics (mixes of deterministic, discontinuous and
random dynamics).

Hybrid 101, is a representation of an invariant measure for a dynamical system on a 2-torus with deterministic and random components. Deterministic dynamics is given by the product of two identical circle maps with topological degree 2 ('doubling maps') together with a random component which is a place dependent iterated function system: probabilities and direction and size of jumps depend on the position on the torus. Hybrid dynamics combining deterministic dynamics with an iterated function system was first studied mathematically by Kobre and Young in the context of extended dynamical systems on the line. In Hybrid 101, dynamics is defined by doubly 1-periodic maps on the plane and we reduce mod the integer lattice to obtain dynamics on a torus. We lift the measure back to the plane to obtain a repeating pattern. Appearances can be deceptive: the only symmetries of the repeating pattern are translations (the pattern is of type p1) and all the lines are straight.

Neural chip, 2051 is a representation of an invariant measure for
a

'hybrid' iterated function system (IFS) defined on a 2-torus. The
base IFS is

defined by uniform contractions at the vertices of a square.
The

contractions are slightly greater than one half - this leads to
some interesting overlaps... If the iteration lands within certain
designated rectangular regions on the square then a jump occurs
with preassigned probability. Depending on probabilities and
regions, dynamics on plane has a drift with vertical

and horizontal components. Inspired partly by earlier work of
Kobre

and Young, Filiz Tumel (a PhD student at UH) and I started
investigating

this type of system early in 2011. If we reduce mod 1, we obtain
dynamics

on a torus and an associated invariant measure. In Neural Chip,
2051,

the coloring is chosen to reflect the extreme complexity of

the associated invariant measure.